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Ficus and fig wasp references


(Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus)

This list has yet to become a comprehensive compilation. Ideally we would like to develop a resource that includes all publications dealing with any aspect of life associated with fig trees. Please send details of additional or missing publications to Simon van Noort.



























Nadel, H., Frank, J.H. & Knight, R.J. 1992. Escapees and accomplices: the naturalization of exotic Ficus and their associated faunas in Florida. Fla. Entomol. 75:29– 38.

Nair, P.B. & Abdurahiman, U.C. 1980. Description of the male of Sycoscapteridea longipalpus (Joseph). Entomon. 5(1):81-82.

Nair, P.B. & Abdurahiman, U.C. 1984. Population dynamics of the fig wasp Kradibia gestroi (Grandi) (Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea, Agaonidae) from Ficus exasperata Vahl. Proc. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wet. Ser. C 87:365–375.

Naranjo, E. 1995. Habitos De Alimentacion Del Tapir (Tapirus Bairdii) En Un Bosque Tropical Humedo De Costa Rica. Vida Silvestre Neotropical 4, 32-37.

Narendran, T.C. & Sheela, S. 1994. Descriptions of an interesting new genus and a new species of Epichrysomalinae [sic] (Hymenoptera: Agaonidae). Journal of the Zoological Society of Kerala. 3(1):7-12.

Narendran, T.C.; Abdurahiman, U.C. & Surekha, K. 1993. On the identity of Platyneura Motschulsky (Hymenoptera Agaonidae Sycophaginae) and its type species. Russian Entomological Journal. 2(2):69-71. 

Narendran, T.C. 1999. Indo-Australian Ormyridae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). iii+227pp. privately published, T.C. Narendran, Department of Zoology, University of Calicut, Kerala, India. 

Nason JD, Hamrick JL. 1997. Reproductive and genetic consequences of forest fragmentation: two case studies of neotropical canopy trees. J. Hered. 88:264–276.

Nason, J. D., Herre, E. A. & Hamrick, J. L. 1996. Paternity Analysis Of The Breeding Structure Of Strangler Fig Populations: Evidence For Substanstial Long-Distance Wasp Dispersal. Journal Of Biogeography 23, 501-512.

Nason, J. D., Herre, E. A. & Hamrick, J. L. 1998. The Breeding Structure Of A Tropical Keystone Resource. Nature 391, 685-687.

Neeman G, Galil J. 1978. Seed set in the “male syconia” of the common fig, Ficus carica (caprificus). New Phytol. 81:375– 380.

Nefdt, R.J.C. 1989. Interaction between fig wasps and their host figs. PhD thesis. Grahamstown, S. Afr.: Rhodes Univ. 170 pp.

Nefdt, R.J.C. and Compton, S.G. 1996. Regulation of seed and pollinator production in the fig-fig wasp mutualism. Journal of Animal Ecology 65, pp.170-182.

Newton, L.E. & Lomo, A. 1977. Relationship between pollen load and flight in agaonid wasps. Entomologische Berichten, Amsterdam. 37:71-73.

Newton, L.E. & Lomo, A. 1979. The pollination of Ficus vogelii in Ghana. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 78:21–30.

Newton-Fisher, N. E. 1999. The Diet Of Chimpanzees In The Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda. African Journal Of Ecology 37, 344-354.

Nhat, P. 1994. Preliminary Results On The Diet Of The Red-Shanked Douc Langur (Pygathrix Nemaeus. Asian Primates 4, 1.

Nikol'skaya, M.N. & Zerova, M.D. 1978. Hymenoptera II. Chalcidoidea 9. Torymidae (Callimomidae). Opred.Nasek.Evrop.Chasti SSSR. 358-374. 

Nikol'skaya, M.N. 1978. Hymenoptera II. Chalcidoidea 11. Agaonidae. Opred.Nasek.Evrop.Chasti SSSR. 377. 

Nogales, M., Hernández, E. C. & Valdés, F. 1999. Seed Dispersal By Common Ravens Corvus Corax Among Island Habitats (Canarian Archipelago). Ecoscience 6, 56-61.  

Novicky, S. & De Santis, L. 1961. Un nuevo genero de 'Monodontomerinae' de la Republica Argentina (Hymenoptera: Torymidae). Notas del Museo de La Plata, Buenos Aires.20:25-28.

Novotny V, Basset Y. 1998. Seasonality of sap-sucking insects (Auchenorrhyncha, Hemiptera) feeding on Ficus (Moraceae) in a lowland rain forest in New Guinea. Oecologia 115:514–522.

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)


Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2024. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

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