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Blastophaga psenes Linnaeus

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Chalcidoidea; Family: Agaonidae; Genus: Blastophaga)

Cynips psenes Linnaeus, 1758. Holotype . Type locality: unknown.


Figure 1. Blastophaga psenes. A. A female attracted to receptive fig by host-specific volatiles emitted by the fig ostiole B. Female ovipositing in a receptive fig of a male tree, G. Valdeyron. C. Male opening a hole into a gall containing a female J.-Y. Rasplus. D. Female escaping the fig dusted with pollen J.-Y. Rasplus.


Figure 2. Blastophaga psenes. A. Antenna (SEM). B. Head ventral, showing the mandibles and their appendage bearing 6 ridges. C-D. Habitus male and female, lateral view. E. Habitus male dorsal view; F. Mesosoma female ventral view, white arrow shows the scar in place of pollen pocket. Scale = 200μm excepted for habitus = 1 mm. All photos J.-Y. Rasplus.


Distribution

Palaearctic region; introduced to Afrotropical, Australasian, Nearctic, and Oriental regions.

Biology

Pollinator of Ficus carica L. and Ficus palmata Forssk.

Parasitoid of pollinator: Philotrypesis caricae (Linnaeus, 1762)

References

Kjellberg, F. and Lesne A. 2020. Ficus carica and its pollination. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02516888

Kjellberg, F. van Noort, S, Rasplus JY. In press. Fig wasp and pollination. In Sarkhosh, L. Ferguson, A.M. Yavari (Editors): The Fig: Botany, Production and Uses. CAB International.

Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturae (10th Edition). 1:824+iiipp. Stockholm.

Credits

Photographs Jean-Yves Rasplus, or G. Valdeyron.

Next genus: Ceratosolen        Next species: Blastophaga quadrupes

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2021. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

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