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Ficus carica Linnaeus

Cultivated Fig

(Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus; Subgenus: Ficus; Section: Ficus; Subsection: Ficus)



Pollinator: Blastophaga psenes (Linnaeus).


The Calimyrna fig and its pollinator wasp.


Do we eat fig wasps when we consume cultivated figs?


Very closely related to Ficus palmata. The two species are probably conspecific.


Gaaliche, B. Trad, M. Mars, M. 2011. Effect of pollination intensity, frequency and pollen source on fig (Ficus carica L.) productivity and fruit quality. Scientia Horticulturae 130 (4): 737-742.

Giliomee JH, Venter E, Wohlfarter M. 2007. Mediterranean black fig fly, Silba adipata McAlpine (Diptera: Lonchaeidae), recorded from South Africa. African Entomology 15: 383-384. https://doi.org/10.4001/1021-3589-15.2.383

Stover, E., Aradhya, M., Ferguson L. & Crisosto, C.H. 2007. The fig: Overview of an ancient fruit. HortScience 42:1083–1087.

Tribolet, I. 1912. Caprification of smyrna figs. Agricultural Journal of the Union of South Africa 3: 247-256.

Wohlfarter M, Giliomee JH, Venter E, Storey S. 2011. A survey of the arthropod pests and plant parasitic nematodes associated with commercial figs, Ficus carica (Moraceae), in South Africa. African Entomology 19: 165-172. https://doi.org/10.4001/003.019.0118 


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Next species 

Ficus palmata Forsskål

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)


Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2019. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

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