HomeFigsFig waspsBiologyFig classificationWasp classificationWaspWebBiodiversity Explorer

Ficus palmata Forsskål 1775

(Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus; Subgenus: Ficus; Section: Ficus; Subsection: Ficus)

Figure 1. A. Ficus carica (typical form), on rocks along river banks. B. F. carica (form Ficus colchica Grossh.), this is morphologically the most divergent form of F. carica with gracile branches and flexible leaves, Black Sea coast, Turkey. C. Ficus palmata, Adiyaman Province, Turkey; F. palmata is distributed from Ethiopia to India and Nepal, and is the sole species closely related to F. carica. D. F. palmata male tree with profichi. All photos © F. Kjellberg.

Distribution

Distribution_of_Ficus_palmata

Ethiopia through southern Arabia to Nepal and Sri Lanka.

Biology

Pollinator: Blastophaga psenes (Linnaeus, 1758).

Habitat

Thickets along watercourses, between altitudes of 1700 and 2400m.

Comments

Very closely related to Ficus carica.

References

Berg, C.C. 1988. New taxa and combinations in Ficus (Moraceae) in Africa. Kew Bulletin 43: 77- 97.

Berg, C.C. 1989. Moraceae. In: R.M. Polhill (ed.) Flora of Tropical East Africa. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Distribution of African taxa of Ficus (Moraccae). [Proc. 12th AETFAT]. Mitt. inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 23: 401-405.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Annotated check-list of the Ficus species of the African floristic region, with special reference and a key to the taxa of southern Africa. Kirkia, 13: 253-291.

Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. 1989. Chapter 11. Ficus. Flora of Tropical East Africa (ed. R.M. Polhill). 43-86. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C. & Wiebes, J.T. 1992. African fig trees and fig wasps. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Amsterdam, 1-298 pp.

Kjellberg, F. and Lesne A. 2020. Ficus carica and its pollination. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02516888

Kjellberg, F. van Noort, S, Rasplus JY. In press. Fig wasp and pollination. In Sarkhosh, L. Ferguson, A.M. Yavari (Editors): The Fig: Botany, Production and Uses. CAB International.

Credits

Photographs © Finn Kjellberg; or © Jean-Yves Rasplus; or © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Ficus carica Linnaeus

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2021. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

Copyright 2004-2021 Iziko Museums of South Africa

website statistics