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Fig and fig wasp life cycle

(Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus)

Interaction of figs and fig wasps

Figs exhibit two life cycle strategies. About half the species are monoecious and the other half are gynodioecious (functionally dioecious with male and female reproductive functions separated between individual trees).

Monoecious life cycle

Dioecious life cycle

Non-pollinating fig wasps


Illustrations and photographs Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA).

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)


Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2022. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

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