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Ficus trichopoda Baker 1883


(Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus; Subgenus: Urostigma; Section: Galoglychia; Subsection: Platyphyllae)

Ficus_trichopoda Ficus_trichopoda
Ficus_trichopoda Ficus_trichopoda


Ivory Coast. Photographs © Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA)
Ficus trichopoda Ficus trichopoda
Ficus trichopoda  
Lake Sibaya, Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa. Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa)
Ficus_trichopoda Ficus_trichopoda
Ficus_trichopoda Ficus_trichopoda
Madagascar. Photographs © Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA)
Bandundu province, DRC. Photograph © Paul Latham (UK)


Distribution_of_Ficus_trichopoda Distribution_Ficus_trichopoda_in_Madgascar

From South Africa to Senegal and to Sudan, also Madagascar.


Pollinators: Elisabethiella bergi bergi  (west Africa) and Elisabethiella bergi breviceps (southern Africa & Madagascar).


In savannah woodland, in marshy places.


(after C.C. Berg in Berg & Wiebes, 1992):

Biological form

shrub or tree up to 15 m tall, terrestrial


shape & colour

ovate to eliptic, coriaceous, apex obtuse, base ± cordate, both surface glabrous to hirtellous (midrib)



6-20 x 4-12 cm


lateral veins

7-11 pairs, basal pair branched reaching margin at or below the middle of the lamina



2-4 cm long, glabrous to hirtellous


1.5-4.5 cm long, white puberulous, caducous



up to 4, in the leaf axils



globose, Æ 1-2 cm (fresh), smooth to puberulous



0.5-1 cm long


basal bracts

2 mm long, persistent


Berg, C.C. 1988. New taxa and combinations in Ficus (Moraceae) in Africa. Kew Bulletin 43: 77- 97.

Berg, C.C. 1989. Moraceae. In: R.M. Polhill (ed.) Flora of Tropical East Africa. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Distribution of African taxa of Ficus (Moraccae). [Proc. 12th AETFAT]. Mitt. inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 23: 401-405.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Annotated check-list of the Ficus species of the African floristic region, with special reference and a key to the taxa of southern Africa. Kirkia, 13: 253-291.

Berg, C.C. 1991. Moraceae. In: E. Launert & G.Y. Pope (eds) Flora Zambesiaca 9, 6. Natural History Museum, London.

Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. 1989. Chapter 11. Ficus. Flora of Tropical East Africa (ed. R.M. Polhill). 43-86. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1984. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Gabon 26: 1276.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1985. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Cameroun 28: 1298.

Berg, C.C. & Wiebes, J.T. 1992. African fig trees and fig wasps. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Amsterdam, 1-298 pp.

Bouček Z., A. Watsham & J.T. Wiebes, 1981. The fig wasp fauna of the receptacles of Ficus thonningii (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). Tijdschrift Voor Entomologie, 124(5): 149-233.

Burrows, J. & Burrows, S. 2003. Figs of southern & south-central Africa. Umdaus Press, Hatfield. 379 pp.


Photographs © Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA) or © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or © Paul Latham (UK).

Next species

Ficus vasta

Ficus vasta Forsk.

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)


Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2023. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

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