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Ficus cyathistipula cyathistipula Warburg 1894


(Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus; Subgenus: Urostigma; Section: Galoglychia; Subsection: Cyathistipulae)

Central African Republic (Photographs © Simon van Noort, Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Prefecture Sangha-Mbaéré, Réserve Spéciale de Forêt Dense de Dzanga-Sangha, 12.7km 326º NW Bayanga, 3º00.27'N 16º11.55'E, 420m. Herbarium specimen - Harris7748.

Ivory Coast (Photographs © Jean-Yves Rasplus).
Ficus_cyathistipula_cyathistipula Ficus_cyathistipula_cyathistipula



ex hort (Norwegian Arboreteum, Bergen) (Photographs © Simon van Noort, Iziko Museums of South Africa).
Ficus_cyathistipula_cyathistipula Ficus_cyathistipula_cyathistipula
Ficus_cyathistipula_cyathistipula Ficus_cyathistipula_cyathistipula




Ivory Coast east to Kenya, Tanzania and south to Angola and northern Zambia, with outlying population in Mozambique.


Pollinator: Agaon fasciatum Waterston.


Forests, usually next to streams or rivers, sometimes in rocky places, up to an altitude of 1800m.


(after C.C. Berg in Berg & Wiebes, 1992):

Biological form

tree up to 8 m tall, terrestrial or hemi-epiphytic


shape & colour

oblanceolate to obovate, coriaceous, apex acuminate, base acute, both surface glabrous, sometimes sparsely puberulous on the midrib beneath



6-20 x 3-7 cm


lateral veins

5-7 pairs



1.5-4 cm long, glabrous or sparsely brownish puberulous


1.5-2.5 cm long, glabrous or minutely white puberulous, persistent



solitary or up to 3 together in the leaf axils



globose, smooth or with up to 3 mm long protuberances, Æ 3-5 cm (fresh), scabrous, wall thick and spongy, apex protruding



none or 0.5-2.5 cm long


basal bracts

4 mm long, persistent


Berg, C.C. 1988. New taxa and combinations in Ficus (Moraceae) in Africa. Kew Bulletin 43: 77- 97.

Berg, C.C. 1989. Moraceae. In: R.M. Polhill (ed.) Flora of Tropical East Africa. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Distribution of African taxa of Ficus (Moraccae). [Proc. 12th AETFAT]. Mitt. inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 23: 401-405.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Annotated check-list of the Ficus species of the African floristic region, with special reference and a key to the taxa of southern Africa. Kirkia, 13: 253-291.

Berg, C.C. 1991. Moraceae. In: E. Launert & G.Y. Pope (eds) Flora Zambesiaca 9, 6. Natural History Museum, London.

Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. 1989. Chapter 11. Ficus. Flora of Tropical East Africa (ed. R.M. Polhill). 43-86. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1984. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Gabon 26: 1276.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1985. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Cameroun 28: 1298.

Berg, C.C. & Wiebes, J.T. 1992. African fig trees and fig wasps. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Amsterdam, 1-298 pp.

Bouček Z., A. Watsham & J.T. Wiebes, 1981. The fig wasp fauna of the receptacles of Ficus thonningii (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). Tijdschrift Voor Entomologie, 124(5): 149-233.

Burrows, J. & Burrows, S. 2003. Figs of southern & south-central Africa. Umdaus Press, Hatfield. 379 pp.

van Noort S., Gardiner, A.J., Tolley K.A. 2007. New records of Ficus (Moraceae) species emphasize the conservation significance of inselbergs in Mozambique. South African Journal of Botany 73: 642-649.


Photographs and distribution map © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Next species

Ficus cyathistipula pringsheimiana (Braun & K. Shum.)  C.C. Berg

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)


Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2024. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

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