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Ficus palmata Forsskål 1775

(Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus; Subgenus: Ficus; Section: Ficus; Subsection: Ficus)

Figure 1. A. Ficus carica (typical form), on rocks along river banks. B. F. carica (form Ficus colchica Grossh.), this is morphologically the most divergent form of F. carica with gracile branches and flexible leaves, Black Sea coast, Turkey. C. Ficus palmata, Adiyaman Province, Turkey; F. palmata is distributed from Ethiopia to India and Nepal, and is the sole species closely related to F. carica. D. F. palmata male tree with profichi. All photos © F. Kjellberg.



Ethiopia through southern Arabia to Nepal and Sri Lanka.


Pollinator: Blastophaga psenes (Linnaeus, 1758).


Thickets along watercourses, between altitudes of 1700 and 2400m.


Very closely related to Ficus carica.


Berg, C.C. 1988. New taxa and combinations in Ficus (Moraceae) in Africa. Kew Bulletin 43: 77- 97.

Berg, C.C. 1989. Moraceae. In: R.M. Polhill (ed.) Flora of Tropical East Africa. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Distribution of African taxa of Ficus (Moraccae). [Proc. 12th AETFAT]. Mitt. inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 23: 401-405.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Annotated check-list of the Ficus species of the African floristic region, with special reference and a key to the taxa of southern Africa. Kirkia, 13: 253-291.

Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. 1989. Chapter 11. Ficus. Flora of Tropical East Africa (ed. R.M. Polhill). 43-86. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C. & Wiebes, J.T. 1992. African fig trees and fig wasps. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Amsterdam, 1-298 pp.

Kjellberg, F. and Lesne A. 2020. Ficus carica and its pollination. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02516888

Kjellberg, F. van Noort, S, Rasplus JY. In press. Fig wasp and pollination. In Sarkhosh, L. Ferguson, A.M. Yavari (Editors): The Fig: Botany, Production and Uses. CAB International.


Photographs © Finn Kjellberg; or © Jean-Yves Rasplus; or © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Ficus carica Linnaeus

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)


Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2022. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

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