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Systematics, evolution and biology of insects

 

Simon van Noort’s Research focuses on the systematics, evolution and biology of Hymenoptera from the Afrotropical region (Africa south of the Sahara, including Madagascar and surrounding islands). ResearchGate profile

 

PublicationsFig conferencesResearch labs

 

Contact details

Curator of Entomology
Natural History Department
Iziko South African Museum
PO Box 61, Cape Town, 8000
South Africa
Tel: +27 21 481 3865
Fax: +27 21 481 3993

e-mail

Research Interests ResearchGate profile

Systematics of fig wasps is a major interest, including unravelling the evolutionary intricacies of the 60 million year old mutualism between fig trees and fig wasps. We attempt to elucidate evolutionary processes, both at the macro and micro scale, through morphological and molecular phylogenetic reconstruction and phylogeographical analyses (www.figweb.org).

I also work on the systematics of other wasp groups such as the cynipoids, megalyroids, platygastroids and ichneumonoids and insect groups such as the Heelwalkers (Mantophasmatodea). Elucidation of patterns of wasp species richness in a spatio-temporal context and development of bioinformatics resources for Afrotropical wasps is an ongoing passion of mine (www.waspweb.org).  

I am an avid field biologist, actively pursuing discovery and documentation of invertebrates. Field work in Africa has included expeditions to Mkomazi Game Reserve (Tanzania), Brandberg Massif (Namibia), Monts Doudou (Gabon), Dzangha-Sangha (Central African Republic), Kibale Forest (Uganda) and numerous excursions within southern Africa (Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique and South Africa).

Afrotropical wasp diversity

A bioinformatics resource to facilitate the identification of wasps and to enable exploration of their diversity in the Afrotropical biogeographical region (Africa south of the Sahara and Madagascar and including smaller surrounding islands). Including E-typing (photographs of type specimens), identification keys, distributional and biological data.

Book on Afrotropical Hymenoptera

This first treatment of a regional order level fauna using state-of-the-art modern electronic technology will see the comprehensive coverage of 67 Hymenoptera families, incorporating approximately 2 000 genera and 20 000 species that occur in the Afrotropical region (Africa south of the Sahara; southern Arabian Peninsula; Madagascar and surrounding islands)

Fig trees and fig wasps

Biology and bioinformatics of a fascinating interaction.

 

Biology of an African gall wasp

 

VAN NOORT, S., STONE, G.N., WHITEHEAD, V.B. & NIEVES-ALDREY, J.L.  2007. Biology of Rhoophilus loewi (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Cynipidae), with implications for the evolution of inquilinism in gall wasps. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 90: 153-172.

Heelwalkers (Mantophasmatodea)

PICKER, M.D., COLVILLE, J.F. & VAN NOORT, S. 2002. Mantophasmatodea now in South Africa. Science 297: 1475.

 

Collaboration

Celso Azevedo (Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo). Bethylidae.

Gavin Broad (Natural History Museum, London). Ichneumonidae.

Matt Buffington (Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA/ARS). Cynipoidea.

Virgilio Caleca (Universita' di Palermo). Platygastridae.

Jonathan Colville (SANBI). Bees.

Stephen Compton (Leeds University). Fig wasp ecology.

Astrid Cruaud (INRA, France). NICE fig project – ecology and evolution of the fig and fig wasp mutualism.

Mattias Forshage (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Cynipoidea.

Jaco Greeff (University of Pretoria). Evolution of fig wasps.

Norm Johnson (Ohio State University). Platygastroidea NSF PBI project.

Emmanuelle Jousselin (INRA, France). NICE fig project – ecology and evolution of the fig and fig wasp mutualism.

Frank Koch (Museum für Naturkunde Berlin, Germany). Symphyta.

Conrad Matthee (University of Stellenbosch). Ichneumonidae.

Jose-Luis Nieves Aldrey (Spain). Cynipoidea, Ormyridae.

Massimo Olmi (University of Tuscia, Italy). Dryinidae, Embolemidae, Sceloggibidae.

Mike Picker (University of Cape Town). Alien Hymenoptera.

Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France). NICE fig project – ecology and evolution of the fig and fig wasp mutualism.

Ilari Sääksjärvi (University of Turku). Ichneumonidae.

Mike Sharkey (University of Kentucky). Braconidae.

Scott Shaw (University of Wyoming). Megalyridae.

Graham Stone (University of Edinburgh). Cynipidae.

Krystal Tolley (SANBI, Kirstenbosch Research Center). Evolution of the fig and fig wasp mutualism.

Past students and post docs

Christoff Erasmus (MSc). Fig wasp phylogeny.

Philippa Huntly (MSc). Improving the conservation value of insects through ecotourism.

Jenny Underhill (MSc). Molecular phylogenetics and co-evolution of figs and fig wasps.

Frances van der Merwe (MSc). Fig wasp cuticular hydrocarbons.

Pierre-Olivier Maquart (MSc). Systematics and evolutionary assessment of Acaenitinae (Ichneumonidae; Hymenoptera).

Emmanuelle Jousselin (Post-doctoral fellow). Evolution and ecology of fig wasps.

Michael McLeish (Post-doctoral fellow). Molecular phylogenetics, co-evolution and ecology of figs and fig wasps.

Thomas Lado (Post-doctoral fellow). Diversity of indigenous parasitoids of arthropods associated with the gall-forming rust fungus Uromycladium tepperianum in South Africa.

Nyembezi Mgocheki (Post-doctoral fellow). Systematics and evolutionary assessment of Campopleginae(Ichneumonidae; Hymenoptera).

Natashia Muna (Post-doctoral fellow). Population genetics of endemic South African Ficus species and their associated fig wasp pollinators (Agaonidae, Hymenoptera).

Pascal Rousse (Post-doctoral fellow). Systematics and evolutionary assessment of Ophioninae, Ichneumoninae, Rhyssinae, Tryphoninae, Lycorininae, Cremastinae (Ichneumonidae; Hymenoptera).

Abraham Izak Pretorius (MSc). Systematics and evolutionary assessment of Eurytomidae (Chalcidoidea, Hymenoptera).

Candice Owen (PhD). Ecology, physiology and systematics of the intertidal spider parasitoid Echthrodesis lamorali (Platygastridae, Hymenoptera).

Current students and post docs

Veronica Reynolds (PhD). Systematics and evolutionary assessment of Banchinae (Ichneumonidae; Hymenoptera).

Sariana Faure (PhD). Systematics and evolutionary assessment of Chalcididae (Chalcidoidea, Hymenoptera).

Mariette Brand (Post-doctoral fellow). Bee (Apoidea; Hymenoptera) diversity and species distribution in South African biomes.

Junyin Deng (PhD). Effect of forest fragmentation on fig (Ficus, Moraceae) and fig wasp (Chalcidoidea, Hymenoptera) population dynamics.

Scientific Publications (ResearchGate)

 

Tortorici, F., Caleca, V., van Noort, S., & Masner, L. In press. Revision of Afrotropical Dyscritobaeus Perkins, 1910 (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae). Zootaxa

 

Rousse P, Quicke DLJ, Matthee CA, Lefeuvre P & van Noort S. 2016. A molecular and morphological reassessment of the phylogeny of the subfamily Ophioninae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnaean Society 178: 128–148. doi: 10.1111/zoj.12405

 

Olmi M, van Noort S & Guglielmino A. 2016. Contribution to the knowledge of Afrotropical Dryinidae, Embolemidae and Sclerogibbidae (Hymenoptera) with description of new species from Central African Republic and Uganda. ZooKeys 578: 45-95.

 

Maquart PO, Réveillion F, Prendini L, Burger M, Fisher BL & van Noort S. 2016. New distribution records for African whip spiders (Arachnida; Amblypygi). African Entomology 24: 245-246.

 

Koch F, Goergen G & van Noort S. 2015. The sawflies of Namibia and the western parts of South Africa (Symphyta, Hymenoptera). ABC Taxa 15: 1-262.

 

van Noort S & Goulet H. 2015. New distribution records for the rare genus Afrotremex Pasteels (Siricidae: Hymenoptera) and provision of interactive Lucid identification keys to species. Biodiversity Data Journal : 1-11 e7160. doi: 10.3897/BDJ.3.e7160

 

Rousse P. & van Noort S. 2015. Revision of the Afrotropical species of Pristomerus (Ichneumonidae: Cremastinae), with description of 31 new species. European Journal of Taxonomy 124: 1-129. http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2015.124

 

van Noort S, Buffington ML & Forshage M. 2015. Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). ZooKeys 493: 1-176. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.493.6353

 

Azevedo CO, Garcia R, Gobbi FT & van Noort S. 2015. Insecta, Hymenoptera, Bethylidae: range extension and filling gaps in Central African Republic. Check List 11: 1-4.

 

Wang R, Aylwin R, Barwell L, Chen X-Y, Chen Y, Chou L-S, Cobb J, Collette D, Craine L, Giblin-Davis RM, Ghana S, Harper M, Harrison RD, McPherson JR, Peng YQ, Pereira RAS, Reyes-Betancort A, Rodriguez LJV, Strange E, van Noort S, Yang H-W, Yu H, Compton SG. 2015. The fig wasp followers and colonists of a widely introduced fig tree, Ficus microcarpa. Insect Conservation and Diversity 8: 322-336 doi: 10.1111/icad.12111


Maquart PO, Rousse P & van Noort S. 2014. Revision of the Afrotropical genus Phorotrophus Saussure, 1892 (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Acaenitinae), with description of eight new species. African Natural History
10: 57-117.

Rousse P. & van Noort S. 2014. Afrotropical Ophioninae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae): an update of Gauld & Mitchell's revision, including two new species and an interactive matrix identification key. ZooKeys 456: 59–73. http://dx.doi:10.3897/zookeys.456.8140

 

Rousse P. & van Noort S. 2014. Revision of the Afrotropical Lycorininae (Ichneumonidae; Hymenoptera) II. Three new species and additional distribution records. Zootaxa 3884 (3): 222–234. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3884.3.2

van Noort S, Buffington ML & Forshage M. 2014. Review of Afrotropical Figitinae (Figitidae, Cynipoidea, Hymenoptera) with the first records of Neralsia and Lonchidia for the region. ZooKeys 453: 37–69. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.453.8511
 

Owen CA, Coetzee JA & van Noort S. 2014. Distribution range of the South African maritime spider-egg parasitoid wasp, Echthrodesis lamorali (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae: Scelioninae). African Invertebrates 55 (2): 323–332.

 

Braet Y, van Noort S & Kittel RN. 2014. New species of the ‘rare’ genera Dentigaster Zettel, 1990 and Odontosphaeropyx Cameron, 1910 (Hymenoptera, Braconidae: Cheloninae). Austral Entomology http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aen.12112

 

Rousse P & van Noort S. 2014. A review of the Afrotropical Rhyssinae (Ichneumonidae: Hymenoptera) with descriptions of five new species. European Journal of Taxonomy 91: 1-42. http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2014.91

 

Rousse P & van Noort S. 2014. Belesica madiba and Cremastus tutui (Ichneumonidae: Cremastinae), two entomological gems from South Africa. Zootaxa 3795: 161–173. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3795.2.5

 

van Noort S, Masner L, Popovici O,  Valerio AA, Taekul C, Johnson, NF,  Murphy NP & Austin AD. 2014. Systematics and biology of the aberrant intertidal parasitoid wasp Echthrodesis lamorali Masner (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae s.l.): a parasitoid of spider eggs. Invertebrate Systematics 28: 1-16. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IS13015

 

Minnaar IA, Shinner R, van Noort S & Clusella-Trullas S. 2014. New records of the parasitic wasp Dinocampus coccinellae and its hosts in South Africa. African Entomology 22: 226-229.

 

Yoder M, Valerio A, Polaszek A, van Noort S, Masner L, Johnson N. 2014. Monograph of the Afrotropical species of Scelio Latreille (Hymenoptera, Platygastridae), egg parasitoids of acridid grasshoppers (Orthoptera, Acrididae). ZooKeys 380: 1-188.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.380.5755

 

Rousse P, van Noort S & Diller E. 2013. Revision of the Afrotropical Phaeogenini (Ichneumonidae, Ichneumoninae), with description of a new genus and twelve new species. Zookeys 354: 1-85. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.354.5968.

 

Cruaud A, Underhill JG, Huguin M, Genson G, Jabbour-Zahab R, Tolley KA, Rasplus JY, van Noort S. 2013. A Multilocus Phylogeny of the World Sycoecinae Fig Wasps (Chalcidoidea: Pteromalidae). PLoS ONE 8(11): e79291. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079291  

 

van Noort, S., Wang, R. & Compton, S.G. 2013. Fig wasps (Hymenoptera; Chalcidoidea: Agaonidae, Pteromalidae) associated with Asian fig trees (Ficus, Moraceae) in Southern Africa: Asian followers and African colonistsAfrican Invertebrates 54: 381–400.

 

ROUSSSE, P. & VAN NOORT, S. 2013. Revision of the Afrotropical Lycorininae (Ichneumonidae; Hymenoptera) with description of a new species from South Africa. Zootaxa 3666 (2): 252–266. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3666.2.8

 

VAN NOORT, S. & BUFFINGTON, M.L. 2013. Revision of the Afrotropical Mayrellinae (Cynipoidea, Liopteridae), with the first record of Paramblynotus from Madagascar. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 31: 1-64. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/JHR.31.4072

 

Gaigher, R, Samways, M.J. & van Noort, S. 2013. Saving a tropical ecosystem from a destructive ant-scale (Pheidole megacephala, Pulvinaria urbicola) mutualism with support from a diverse natural enemy complex. Biological Invasions http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10530-013-0437-8

 

Heraty, J. M., Burks, R. A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G. A. P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J. B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D. C., Gates, M. W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J. D., van Noort, S., George, J. and Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466-542.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

 

McLeish, M.J., Beukman, G., van Noort, S., Wossler, T.C. 2012. Host-Plant Species Conservatism and Ecology of a Parasitoid Fig Wasp Genus (Chalcidoidea; Sycoryctinae; Arachonia). PLoS ONE 7(9): e44804. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044804

 

Cruaud, A., N. Rønsted, B. Chantarasuwan, L.S. Chou, W. L. Clement, A. Couloux, B. Cousins, G. Genson, R. D. Harrison, P.E. Hanson, M. Hossaert-Mckey, R. Jabbour-Zahab, E. Jousselin, C. Kerdelhué, F. Kjellberg, C. Lopez-Vaamonde, J. Peebles, Y.Q. Peng, R. Augusto, S. Pereira, T. Schramm, R. Ubaidillah, S. van Noort, G. D. Weiblen, D-R. Yang, A. Yodpinyanee, R. Libeskind-Hadas, J. M. Cook, J-Y. Rasplus & V. Savolainen. 2012. An Extreme Case of Plant-Insect Co-Diversification: Figs and Fig-Pollinating Wasps. Systematic Biology 61: 1029-1047. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/sys068

 

Buffington, M.L. & van Noort, S. 2012. Revision of the Afrotropical Oberthuerellinae (Cynipoidea: Liopteridae). Zookeys 202: 1-154.

 

Buffington, M.L., Brady, S.G., Morita, S.I. & van Noort, S. 2012. Divergence estimates and early evolutionary history of Figitidae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea). Systematic Entomology 37: 287-304.

 

Cornille, A., Underhill, J.G., CRUAUD, A, Hossaert-McKey, M., Johnson, S. D., Tolley, K.A., Kjellberg, F., van Noort, S., Proffit, M. 2012. Floral volatiles, pollinator sharing and diversification in the fig-wasp mutualism: insights from Ficus natalensis and its two wasp pollinators (South Africa). Proceedings of the Royal Society B 279: 1731-1739. http://dx.doi.org/

 

McLeish, M.J. & van Noort, S. 2012. Codivergence and multiple host species use by fig wasp populations of the Ficus pollination mutualism. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012, 12:1. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-12-1

 

Cruaud, A., Cook, J., Da-Rong, Y., Genson, G., Jabbour-Zahab, R., Kjellberg, F. Pereira, R.A.S., Rønsted, N., Santos-Mattos, O., Savolainen, V., Ubaidillah, R., Van Noort, S., Yan-Qiong, P. & Rasplus, J.Y. 2011. Fig-fig wasp mutualism, the fall of the strict cospeciation paradigm? Pp 68-102. In: Evolution of plant-pollinator relationships. Patiny S. (ed.). Cambridge University Press.

 

Ghahari, H & van Noort, S. 2011. A comment on Iranian fig wasps (Chalcidoidea: Agaonidae, Pteromalidae). Linzer biologische Beiträge 43: 1247-1252.

 

Van Noort, S. & Picker, M. 2011. Wasps, Bees, Ants. Class Insecta, Order Hymenoptera. Pp 140-146. In:  Picker, M. & Griffiths, C. (eds.) Alien & Invasive Animals. A South African perspective. Struik Nature.

 

CRUAUD, A., JABBOUR-ZAHAB, R., GENSON, G., KJELLBERG, F., KOBMOO, N., VAN NOORT, S., DA-RONG, Y., YAN-QIONG, P., UBAIDILLAH, R., HANSON, P.E., SANTOS-MATTOS, O., FARACHE, F.H.A., PEREIRA, R.A.S., KERDELUÉ, C. & RASPLUS, J.Y. 2011. Phylogeny and evolution of life-history strategies in Sycophaginae non-pollinating fig wasps (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). BMC Evolutionary Biology 11: 178. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-11-178

 

MCLEISH, M., GUO, D., VAN NOORT, S. & MIDGLEY, G. 2011. Life on the edge: rare and restricted episodes of a pan-tropical mutualism adapting to drier climates. New Phytologist 191: 210-222. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03683.x

 

CRUAUD, A., JABBOUR-ZAHAB, R., GENSON, G., COULOUX, A., YAN-QIONG, P., DA RONG, Y., UBAIDILLAH, R.,  PEREIRA, R.A.S., KJELLBERG, F., VAN NOORT, S., KERDELHUÉ, C. & RASPLUS, J.Y. 2011. Out of Australia and back again: the world-wide historical biogeography of non-pollinating fig wasps (Hymenoptera: Sycophaginae). Journal of Biogeography 38: 209-225.

 

MCLEISH, M.J., VAN NOORT, S. & TOLLEY, K.A. 2010. African parasitoid fig wasp diversification is a function of host-fig range. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57: 122-134.

 

HUBER, J., READ, J.D. & VAN NOORT, S. 2010. The genus Ooctonus (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) in the Afrotropical region, with comments on other southern hemisphere species. African Entomology 18: 221-234.

 

van Noort, S & Rasplus, j.y. 2010. Order Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea associated with figs (families Agaonidae & Pteromalidae). In: A. van Harten (ed.) Arthropod fauna of UAE 3, pp 325-355.

 

MCLEISH, M.J., VAN NOORT, S. & TOLLEY, K.A. 2010. Parasitoid fig-wasp evolutionary diversification and variation in ecological opportunity. Molecular Ecology 19: 1483-1496.

 

CRUAUD, A., JABBOUR-ZAHAB, R., GENSON, G., CRUAUD, C.,  COULOUX, A., KJELLBERG, F., VAN NOORT, S. & RASPLUS, J.Y. 2010. Laying the foundations for a new classification of Agaonidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea), a multilocus phylogenetic approach. Cladistics 26: 359-387.

 

COMPTON, S.G., VAN NOORT, S., MCLEISH M., DEEBLE, M. & STONE, V. 2009. Sneaky African fig wasps that oviposit through holes drilled by other species. African Natural History 5: 9-15.

 

VAN NOORT, S. & SHAW, S.R. 2009. Megalyridia capensis (Hymenoptera: Megalyridae: Megalyridiini) a relict species endemic to South Africa. African Natural History 5: 1-8.

 

COMPTON, S.G., GREHAN, K. & VAN NOORT, S. 2009. A fig crop pollinated by three or more species of agaonid fig wasps. African Entomology 17: 215-222.

 

SHARKEY, M., DICKY, S.Y.,VAN NOORT, S., SELTMANN, K., PENEV, L. 2009. Revision of the Oriental genera of Agathidinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) with an emphasis on Thailand and interactive keys to genera published in three different formats. ZooKeys 21: 19-54.

 

PENEV, L., SHARKEY, M., ERWIN, T., VAN NOORT, S., BUFFINGTON, M., SELTMANN, K., JOHNSON, N.F., TAYLOR, M., THOMPSON, F.C., DALLWITZ, M.J. 2009. Data publication and dissemination of interactive keys under the open access model. Forum paper. Zookeys 21: 1-17. 

 

SHARKEY, M., VAN NOORT, S. & WHITFIELD, J. 2009. Revision of Khoikhoiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Zookeys 20: 299-348.

 

BUFFINGTON, M.L. & VAN NOORT, S. 2009. A world revision of Anacharoides Cameron, 1904 (Hymenoptera: Figitidae) with a description of a new species. Zookeys 20: 245-274.

 

VAN NOORT, S. & JOHNSON, N. 2009. New species of the plesiomorphic genus Nixonia (Platygastridae, Hymenoptera) from South Africa. Zookeys 20: 31-51.

 

SHAW, S.R. & VAN NOORT, S. 2009. A new Dinapsis species from the Central African Republic (Hymenoptera: Megalyridae: Dinapsini). Zootaxa 2118: 30-36.

 

TALAMAS, E. J., JOHNSON, N. F., VAN NOORT, S., MASNER, L., POLASZEK, A. 2009. Revision of world species of the genus Oreiscelio Kieffer (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea, Platygastridae). Zookeys 6: 1-68.

 

Notton, D.G., Buffington, M.L. & van Noort, S. 2009. The status of the type material of Pycnostigmus rostratus Cameron (Hymenoptera, Figitidae, Pycnostigminae). Journal of Natural History 43: 181-184.

 

Jousselin E., Van Noort S., Berry V., Rasplus J.Y., Rønsted N., Erasmus J.C. & Greeff, J.M.  2008. One Fig to bind them all: host conservatism in a fig wasp community unravelled by cospeciation analyses among pollinating and non pollinating fig wasps. Evolution 62-7: 1777–1797.

 

JOHNSON, N. F., MASNER, L., MUSETTI, L., VAN NOORT, S., RAJMOHANA K., DARLING, D.C., GUIDOTTI, A., POLASZEK, A. 2008. Revision of world species of the genus Heptascelio Kieffer (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea, Platygastridae). Zootaxa 1776: 1-51.

 

van Noort S., Gardiner, A.J., Tolley K.A. 2007. New records of Ficus (Moraceae) species emphasize the conservation significance of inselbergs in Mozambique. South African Journal of Botany 73: 642-649.

 

Lee, J. E., Slabber, S., Jansen van Vuuren, B., van Noort, S. & Chown, S. L. 2007. Colonisation of sub-Antarctic Marion Island by a non-indigenous aphid parasitoid Aphidius matricariae (Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Polar Biology 30: 1195-1201.

 

ERASMUS J. C., VAN NOORT, S., JOUSSELIN E., & GREEFF, J. M. 2007. Molecular phylogeny of fig wasp pollinators (Agaonidae; Hymenoptera) of Ficus section Galoglychia. Zoologica Scripta 36: 61-78.

 

BUFFINGTON, M.L. & VAN NOORT, S. 2007. A world revision of the Pycnostigminae (Cynipoidea: Figitidae) with descriptions of seven new species. Zootaxa 1392: 1-30.

 

VAN NOORT, S., STONE, G.N., WHITEHEAD, V.B. & NIEVES-ALDREY, J.L. 2007. Biology of Rhoophilus loewi (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Cynipidae), with implications for the evolution of inquilinism in gall wasps. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 90: 153-172.

 

VAN NOORT, S. & VAN HARTEN, A. 2006. The species richness of fig wasps (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Agaonidae, Pteromalidae) in Yemen. Fauna of Arabia 22: 449-472.

 

VAN NOORT, S., PENG, Y.Q. & RASPLUS, J.Y. 2006. First record of the fig wasp genus Diaziella Grandi (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Pteromalidae: Sycoecinae) from the Asian mainland with description of two new species from China. Zootaxa 1337: 39-59.

 

JOUSSELIN, E., VAN NOORT, S., RASPLUS J.Y., & GREEFF, J. 2006. Patterns of diversification of afrotropical otiteselline fig wasps: phylogenetic study reveals a double radiation across host figs and conservatism of host association. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 19: 253-266.

 

VAN NOORT, S. & RASPLUS, J.Y. 2005. Revision of the Papua New Guinean fig wasp genus Robertsia Bouček (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Pteromalidae, Sycoecinae). Zootaxa 929: 1-35.

 

HUNTLY, P.M., VAN NOORT, S & HAMER, M. 2005. Giving increased value to invertebrates through ecotourism. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 35: 53-62.

 

VAN NOORT, S. 2004. Ichneumonid (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea) Diversity Across an Elevational Gradient on Monts Doudou in South-Western Gabon. California Academy of Sciences Memoir 28: 187-216.

 

VAN NOORT, S. 2004. Fig Wasp (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Agaonidae, Pteromalidae, Eurytomidae & Ormyridae) and Ficus (Moraceae) Species Richness and Biogeography of Monts Doudou in South-Western Gabon. California Academy of Sciences Memoir 28: 217-233.

 

JOUSSELIN, E., VAN NOORT, S., GREEFF, J. 2004. Labile male morphology and intraspecific male polymorphism in the Philotrypesis fig wasps. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 33: 706-718.

 

GREEFF, J., VAN NOORT, S., RASPLUS, J.-Y. & KJELLBERG, F. 2003. Dispersal and fighting in male pollinating fig wasps. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences 326: 121-130.

 

VAN NOORT, S. 2003. Fig wasps and the pollination of figs, pp 12-21. In Burrows, J. & Burrows, S. Figs of southern & south-central Africa. Umdaus Press, Hatfield, 379pp.

 

KLAUS-DIETER KLASS, MIKE D. PICKER, JAKOB DAMGAARD, SIMON VAN NOORT,  KOJI TOJO. 2003. The Taxonomy, Genitalic Morphology and Phylogenetic Relationships of Southern African Mantophasmatodea (Insecta). Entomologische Abhandlungen 61: 3-67.

 

ROBERTSON, H.G. & VAN NOORT, S. 2003. Effects of agricultural practices on ants and other Hymenoptera in four farming areas of South Africa. GEF Conservation Farming Project Report. Pp 1- 125.

 

RATSIRARSON, H., ROBERTSON, H.G., PICKER, M.D. & VAN NOORT, S. 2002. Indigenous forests versus exotic eucalyptus and pine plantations: a comparison of leaf litter invertebrate communities. African Entomology 10: 93-99.

 

PICKER, M.D., COLVILLE, J.F. & VAN NOORT, S. 2002. Mantophasmatodea now in South Africa. Science 297: 1475.

 

VAN NOORT, S. & STONE, G. 2000. Species richness, biogeography, conservation and pollination ecology of butterflies (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea & Papilionoidea) in Mkomazi Game Reserve, Tanzania.  Metamorphosis 11: 77-103.

 

VAN NOORT, S., PRINSLOO, G.L. & COMPTON, S.G. 2000. Hymenoptera excluding Apoidea (Apiformes) & Formicidae (Insecta) (pp. 289-364). In Kirk-Spriggs, A.H. & Marais, E. (eds). Dâures - biodiversity of the Brandberg Massif, Namibia. Cimbebasia Memoir 9, National Museum of Namibia, Windhoek, 1-389 pp.

 

RUSSELL-SMITH, A., STONE, G.N. & VAN NOORT, S. 1999. Invertebrate biodiversity of Mkomazi. In Coe, M. J., McWilliam, N. C., Stone, G. N. & Packer, M. (eds). Chapter 10: 171-184.  Mkomazi: the ecology, biodiversity and conservation of a Tanzanian Savanna. Royal Geographical Society (with The Institute of British Geographers), London

 

VILLET, M.H. & VAN NOORT, S. 1999. Cicadas (Hemiptera, Homoptera, Cicadoidea) of Mkomazi. In Coe, M. J., McWilliam, N. C., Stone, G. N. & Packer, M. (eds). Chapter 12: 223-234. Mkomazi: the ecology, biodiversity and conservation of a Tanzanian Savanna. Royal Geographical Society (with The Institute of British Geographers), London

 

MANSELL, M.W. & VAN NOORT, S. 1999. Lacewings (Neuroptera) of Mkomazi. In Coe, M. J., McWilliam, N. C., Stone, G. N. & Packer, M. (eds). Chapter 13: 235-248. Mkomazi: the ecology, biodiversity and conservation of a Tanzanian Savanna. Royal Geographical Society (with The Institute of British Geographers), London

 

LONDT, J.G.H. & VAN NOORT, S. 1999. Hangingflies (Mecoptera, Bittacidae) of Mkomazi. In Coe, M. J., McWilliam, N. C., Stone, G. N. & Packer, M. (eds). Chapter 15: 269-276. Mkomazi: the ecology, biodiversity and conservation of a Tanzanian Savanna. Royal Geographical Society (with The Institute of British Geographers), London

 

VAN NOORT, S & STONE, G. 1999. Butterflies (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea & Hesperioidea) of Mkomazi. In Coe, M. J., McWilliam, N. C., Stone, G. N. & Packer, M. (eds). Chapter 17: 281-298. Mkomazi: the ecology, biodiversity and conservation of a Tanzanian Savanna. Royal Geographical Society (with The Institute of British Geographers), London

 

VAN NOORT, S. & COMPTON, S.G. 1999. Fig wasps (Agaonidae, Hymenoptera) and fig trees (Moraceae) of Mkomazi. In Coe, M. J., McWilliam, N. C., Stone, G. N. & Packer, M. (eds). Chapter 18: 299-320. Mkomazi: the ecology, biodiversity and conservation of a Tanzanian Savanna. Royal Geographical Society (with The Institute of British Geographers), London

 

VAN NOORT, S. 1999. Sasol First Field Guide to Butterflies and Moths of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town, 57 pp. ISBN 9781868722877

 

VOVLAS, N, TROCCOLI, A, VAN NOORT, S & VAN DEN BERG, E. 1998. Schistonchus africanus n. sp. (Tylenchida: Aphelenchoididae) associated with Ficus thonningii (Moraceae) and its pollinator wasp Elisabethiella stuckenbergi (Agaonidae, Chalcidoidea, Hymenoptera). Journal of Nematology 30: 404-410.

 

VAN NOORT, S. 1998. The Black Witch, Ascalapha odorata (Linnaeus) (Noctuidae) visits again: an example of long distance wind dispersal. Metamorphosis 9: 93-94.

 

VAN NOORT, S. & RASPLUS, J.-Y. 1997. Revision of the otiteselline fig wasps (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Agaonidae), I: the Otitesella digitata species-group of the Afrotropical region, with a key to Afrotropical species of Otitesella. African Entomology 5: 125-147.

 

VAN NOORT, S. & COMPTON, S.G. 1996. Convergent evolution of agaonine and sycoecine (Agaonidae, Chalcidoidea) head shape in response to the constraints of host fig morphology. Journal of Biogeography 23: 415-424.

 

VAN NOORT, S. 1995. A simple yet effective method for drying alcohol preserved specimens. Chalcid Forum 18: 3-4. Reprinted (1996) in Sphecos 30: 26.

 

VAN NOORT, S. 1995. An association of the chrysopid Italochrysa neurodes (Rambur) (Neuroptera) with the cicada Platypleura capensis (L.) (Hemiptera). African Entomology 3: 92-94.

 

COMPTON, S.G., WARE, A.B. & VAN NOORT, S. 1994. African figs and fig wasps: the wasp's eye view of Ficus species. In: Seyani J.H. & Chikuni A.C. (Eds). Proceedings of the XIIIth Plenary Meeting AETFAT, Zomba, pp. 451-459.

 

VAN NOORT, S. 1994. Systematics of the sycoecine fig wasps (Agaonidae, Chalcidoidea, Hymenoptera), V (Philocaenus concluded, generic key, checklist). Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen 97: 341-375.

 

VAN NOORT, S. 1994. Systematics of the sycoecine fig wasps (Agaonidae, Chalcidoidea, Hymenoptera), IV (Philocaenus, in part). Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen 97: 311-339.

 

VAN NOORT, S. 1994. Systematics of the sycoecine fig wasps (Agaonidae, Chalcidoidea, Hymenoptera), III (Crossogaster). Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen 97: 83-122.

 

VAN NOORT, S. 1993. Systematics of the sycoecine fig wasps (Agaonidae, Chalcidoidea, Hymenoptera), II (Sycoecus). Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen 96: 449-475.

 

WARE, A.B., KAYE, P.T., COMPTON, S.G. & VAN NOORT, S. 1993. Fig volatiles: their role in attracting pollinators and maintaining pollinator specificity. Plant Systematics and Evolution 186: 147-156.

 

VAN NOORT, S. 1993. Systematics of the sycoecine fig wasps (Agaonidae, Chalcidoidea, Hymenoptera), I (Seres). Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen 96: 233-251.

 

COMPTON, S.G. & VAN NOORT, S. 1992. Southern African fig wasps (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea): resource utilization and host relationships. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen 95: 423-435.

 

COMPTON, S.G., HOLTON, K.C., RASHBROOK, V.K., VAN NOORT, S. VINCENT, S.L. & WARE, A.B. 1991. Studies of Ceratosolen galili, a non - pollinating agaonid fig wasp (Hymenoptera, Agaonidae). Biotropica 23: 188 - 194.

 

VAN NOORT, S., WARE, A.B. & COMPTON, S.G. 1989. Pollinator - specific volatile attractants released from the figs of Ficus burtt - davyi. South African Journal of Science 85: 323 - 324.

 

VAN NOORT, S. & COMPTON, S.G. 1988. Two new species of Otitesella (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Pteromalidae) from Ficus burtt - davyi. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen (C) 91: 419 -427.

 

Newsletter articles, popular articles and reviews

 

van Noort S. 2015. Book review of Pollen Wasps and Flowers in Southern Africa and Wasps and Bees in Southern Africa by S.K. Gess & F.W. Gess. African Entomology 23: 257.

Maquart PO & van Noort S. 2015. Mantophasmatodea un nouvel ordre très discret. Insectes 178: 9-10.

Owen, C.A., Coetzee, J.A. & van Noort, S. 2015. Just when you thought that ‘only a mother could love that face’... The Spider Club News 31(1): 15-16.

Maquart PO, Owen C, Coetzee JA & van Noort S. 2013. L’étrange parasitoïde du bout du monde. Insectes 170: 17-19.

Van Noort S. 2011. Caught in the act - Echthrodesis laying eggs. Skaphion 5(23-28): 1-2.

Van Noort S. 2011. Ukoyika Grillerige Goggas. Skaphion 5(21): 1-2.

Van Noort S. 2011. Ukoyika Grillerige Creepy-Crawlies. E-News 95: 1, 8.

Van Noort S. 2011. Figging in Kwazulu-Natal. Hamuli 2(1): 1, 3-7.

Van Noort S. 2010. The great fig wasp hunt. E-News 90: 4.

Van Noort S. 2010. No wasp too small for Iziko bug-huggers. E-News 89: 4.

Van Noort S. 2010. Iziko scientist on the loose in Europe. E-News 87: 4.

Van Noort S. 2009. The maritime platygastrid Echthrodesis lamorali Masner. Skaphion 3(40): 1-3.

Van Noort S. 2009. Maintaining the integrity of Malaise traps running long term under harsh environmental conditions. Skaphion 3(38): 1-3.

Querido, C. 2008. Splendid shot, Simon! E-News 56: 1.

Van Noort S. 2008. Welcome to Mmamotswa. Skaphion 2(22): 2.

Van Noort S. 2008. South African survey reveals further Nixonia gems. Skaphion 2(13): 1-3.

Van Noort S. 2007. PBI at Iziko South African Museum Cape Town. Skaphion 1(11): 1.

VAN NOORT, S. 2004. How fig trees are pollinated – the ultimate challenge. Veld & Flora  90: 13-15.

VAN NOORT, S. 2000. Book review: Lepidoptera of southern Africa. Host-plants & other associations. A catalogue, by Douglas M. Kroon. Veld & Flora, 86(4): 193.

VAN NOORT, S. 2000. Book review: Southern African Insects and their World, by Alan Weaving. African Wildlife, 54(6): 47.

VAN NOORT, S. 2000. Book review: Life in the Balance, by Niles Eldredge. International Affairs, 76: 377.

VAN NOORT, S. 1998. Insect Biodiversity. Poster and handout. Year of Science and Technology Week, Waterfront, Cape Town.

VAN NOORT, S. 1998. Book review: Living Butterflies of Southern Africa. Biology, Ecology and Conservation. Volume 1. Veld & Flora, 84(2): 68-69.

VAN NOORT, S. 1998. Book review: Living Butterflies of Southern Africa. Biology, Ecology and Conservation. Volume 1. Africa - Environment & Wildlife, 6(1): 11.

VAN NOORT, S. 1996. Cabbage White invades southwestern Cape. Africa - Environment & Wildlife, 4(1): 13.

VAN NOORT, S. 1995. Book review: Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa, 2nd edition. Africa - Environment and Wildlife, 3(1): 82.

VAN NOORT, S. 1993. The hidden world of the fig. Musenews, 7(3): 1.

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)

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