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Philotrypesis caricae (Linnaeus)

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Chalcidoidea; Family: Pteromalidae; Subfamily: Sycoryctinae; Tribe: Philotrypesini; Genus: Philotrypesis)

Cynips caricae Linnaeus, 1762. Holotype in The Natural History Museum, London. Type locality:  


Figure 1. Philotrypesis caricae. A. Females ovipositing into a fig recently entered by B. psenes, on a male tree © B. Schatz. B-C. Female ovipositing and cleaning © J.-Y. Rasplus.


Figure 2. Philotrypesis caricae. A. Antenna; B. Habitus female, lateral view; C. Head female, frontal view; D. Head male, frontal view; E. Habitus male, lateral view; F. Mesosoma female dorsal view; G. Mesosoma male dorsal view. Scale = 200μm excepted for habitus = 1 mm. All photos © J.-Y. Rasplus.


Distribution

Palaearctic region; introduced to Afrotropical, Australasian, Nearctic, and Oriental regions.

Biology

Host figs: Ficus carica L. and Ficus palmata Forssk.

Parasitoid of Blastophaga psenes L.

References

Kjellberg, F. and Lesne A. 2020. Ficus carica and its pollination. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02516888

Kjellberg, F. van Noort, S, Rasplus JY. In press. Fig wasp and pollination. In Sarkhosh, L. Ferguson, A.M. Yavari (Editors): The Fig: Botany, Production and Uses. CAB International.

Linnaeus, C. 1762. Reise nach Palästina. 606pp. Rostock, Honne Ed: T.H. Gadebush Text in German.

Credits

Photographs © Jean-Yves Rasplus, or © B. Schatz.

 

Next genus: Adiyodiella (Sycoryctini)                          Next species: Philotrypesis cnephaea

 

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2021. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

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