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Ficus stuhlmannii

Ficus stuhlmannii Warburg 1894

 

(Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus; Subgenus: Urostigma; Section: Galoglychia; Subsection: Platyphyllae)

Ficus stuhlmannii Ficus_stuhlmannii
Ficus_stuhlmannii Ficus_stuhlmannii
Ficus_stuhlmannii Ficus_stuhlmannii
Ficus_stuhlmannii Ficus_stuhlmannii
Ficus stuhlmannii

Ficus stuhlmannii

Growing as strangler in Baobab tree.

Ficus_stuhlmannii  

Distribution

Distribution_of_Ficus_stuhlmannii

From north-eastern South Africa to Kenya.

Biology

Pollinator: Alfonsiella binghami Wiebes.

Habitat

In woodland and dry evergreen forests, often on termite mounds.

Description

(after C.C. Berg in Berg & Wiebes, 1992):

Biological form

tree up to 15 m tall, terrestrial or hemi-epiphytic

Leaves

shape & colour

oblong to ovate, (sub)coriaceous, apex rounded to acute, base cordate, both surface hirtellous

 

size

2.5-18 x 2-8 cm

 

lateral veins

4-7 pairs, basal pair not branched reaching margin far below the middle of the lamina

 

petiole

0.5-4 cm long, puberulous

Stipules

0.5-1.5 cm long, white puberulous, caducous

Figs

position

in pairs in the leaf axils, also just below the leaves

 

shape

globose to ellipsoid, Æ 1.5-2.2 cm (fresh), densely white pubescent

 

peduncle

none, fig sessile

 

basal bracts

3 mm long, persistent

References

Berg, C.C. 1988. New taxa and combinations in Ficus (Moraceae) in Africa. Kew Bulletin 43: 77- 97.

Berg, C.C. 1989. Moraceae. In: R.M. Polhill (ed.) Flora of Tropical East Africa. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Distribution of African taxa of Ficus (Moraccae). [Proc. 12th AETFAT]. Mitt. inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 23: 401-405.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Annotated check-list of the Ficus species of the African floristic region, with special reference and a key to the taxa of southern Africa. Kirkia, 13: 253-291.

Berg, C.C. 1991. Moraceae. In: E. Launert & G.Y. Pope (eds) Flora Zambesiaca 9, 6. Natural History Museum, London.

Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. 1989. Chapter 11. Ficus. Flora of Tropical East Africa (ed. R.M. Polhill). 43-86. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1984. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Gabon 26: 1276.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1985. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Cameroun 28: 1298.

Berg, C.C. & Wiebes, J.T. 1992. African fig trees and fig wasps. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Amsterdam, 1-298 pp.

Bouček Z., A. Watsham & J.T. Wiebes, 1981. The fig wasp fauna of the receptacles of Ficus thonningii (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). Tijdschrift Voor Entomologie, 124(5): 149-233.

Burrows, J. & Burrows, S. 2003. Figs of southern & south-central Africa. Umdaus Press, Hatfield. 379 pp.

Wiebes J.T., 1988. Agaonidae (Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea) and Ficus (Moraceae): fig wasps and their figs, II. (Alfonsiella). Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, 91: 429-436.

Credits

Photographs © Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA) or ©  Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums).

Next species

Ficus tettensis Hutch.

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)

Copyright 2004-2013 Iziko Museums of South Africa

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