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Ficus salicifolia Vahl 1790

(Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus; Subgenus: Urostigma; Section: Urostigma; Subsection: Urostigma)

Ficus_salicifolia Ficus_salicifolia
Ficus_salicifolia Ficus_salicifolia
Ficus_salicifolia Ficus_salicifolia



From South Africa and Botswana to the Arabian Peninsula, Socotra Island and Egypt. An outlying population is present in Algeria.


Pollinator: Platyscapa awekei Wiebes.

Non-pollinators: Otitesella serrata Mayr & Otitesella pseudoserrata van Noort


In woodland often in rocky places. 


(after C.C. Berg in Berg & Wiebes 1992):

Biological form

tree up to 15 m tall, terrestrial


shape & colour

subovate to lanceolate, coriaceous, apex acute, base rounded or cordate, both surfaces glabrous



2-17 x 1-6 cm


lateral veins

6-12 pairs, basal pair unbranched running parallel to the margin



0.5-4 cm long


0.5-1.5 cm long, glabrous or ciliolate



in pairs in the leaf axils



subglobose, Æ 0.5-1 cm (fresh)



none or up 0.3 cm long


basal bracts

1-1.5 mm long, sometimes caducous


Berg, C.C. 1986. The Ficus species (Moraceae) of Madagascar and the Comore Islands. Bulletin du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle d’Histoire Naturelle. Paris (4), 8: 17-55.

Berg, C.C. 1988. New taxa and combinations in Ficus (Moraceae) in Africa. Kew Bulletin 43: 77- 97.

Berg, C.C. 1989. Moraceae. In: R.M. Polhill (ed.) Flora of Tropical East Africa. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Distribution of African taxa of Ficus (Moraccae). [Proc. 12th AETFAT]. Mitt. inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 23: 401-405.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Annotated check-list of the Ficus species of the African floristic region, with special reference and a key to the taxa of southern Africa. Kirkia, 13: 253-291.

Berg, C.C. 1991. Moraceae. In: E. Launert & G.Y. Pope (eds) Flora Zambesiaca 9, 6. Natural History Museum, London.

Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. 1989. Chapter 11. Ficus. Flora of Tropical East Africa (ed. R.M. Polhill). 43-86. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1984. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Gabon 26: 1276.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1985. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Cameroun 28: 1298.

Berg, C.C. & Wiebes, J.T. 1992. African fig trees and fig wasps. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Amsterdam, 1-298 pp.

Burrows, J. & Burrows, S. 2003. Figs of southern & south-central Africa. Umdaus Press, Hatfield. 379 pp.


Photographs © Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA) or © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)

Copyright 2004-2016 Iziko Museums of South Africa

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