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Ficus prolixa Forster

(Pacific Banyan or Koka)

 

(Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus; Subgenus: Urostigma; Section: Malvanthera; Subsection: Malvantherae; Subsection: Urostigma)

FicusProlixa(PacificBanyan)@Savai'iIsland_Samoa_GregCalvert FicusProlixa(PacificBanyan)@FulangaIsland_SouthernLauGroup_Fiji 10-10-2002
FicusProlixa@Mea'e_of_Paeke_HivaOa_Marquesas_GregCalvert FicusProlixa(PacificBanyan)@NukuHiva_Marquesas 12-01-05

Distribution

Micronesia, New Caledonia, Fiji, Cook Islands, Tonga, Samoa, and French Polynesia.

Biology

Pollinator: Platyscapa innumerabilis (Fullaway).

Habitat

Tall strangler to 40+ metres, on limestone or basalt. Culturally important, but increasingly threatened throughout its range from clearing. Above image from Samoa is of a plant colonising a 100-year old lava flow.

References

Berg, C.C.  & Corner, E.J.H. 2005. Moraceae - Ficus. Flora Malesiana Series I (Seed Plants) Volume 17/Part 2. National Herbarium of the Netherlands, Leiden.

Corner, E.J.H. 1965. Checklist of Ficus in Asia and Australasia with keys to identification. The Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 21: 1-186.

Credits

Photographs © Greg Calvert (Townsville, Australia).

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2019. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

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