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Ficus glumosa Delile 1826


African Rock fig, Mountain Rock fig


(Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus; Subgenus: Urostigma; Section: Galoglychia; Subsection: Platyphyllae)

Ficus_glumosa Ficus_glumosa
Ficus_glumosa Ficus_glumosa
Ficus_glumosa Ficus_glumosa


B-phase fig split open shortly after pollination.


B-phase fig ostiole.

Ficus glumosa Simon van Noort Ficus glumosa Simon van Noort


Ormyrus (Ormyridae) leaf petiole/ leaf bud galls.


Mkomazi Game Reserve, Tanzania  





From South Africa to Senegal and the Arabian Peninsula.


Pollinator: Elisabethiella glumosae Wiebes.


In savanna and in woodlands, often in rocky places.


(after C.C. Berg in Berg & Wiebes, 1992):

Biological form

shrub or tree up to 10 m tall, terrestrial


shape & colour

oblong to ovate, subcoriaceous, apex shortly acute, base cordate, upper surface glabrous to puberulous



2-14 x 2-9 cm


lateral veins

3-7 pairs, basal pair branched reaching margin far below the middle of the lamina



0.5-4 cm long, puberulous


0.5-1.5 cm long, partly bright yellow, caducous



in pairs in the leaf axils



globose to ellipsoid, Æ 1-1.5 cm (fresh), smooth to puberulous



none or up to 0.3 cm long


basal bracts

3 mm long, persistent


Berg, C.C. 1988. New taxa and combinations in Ficus (Moraceae) in Africa. Kew Bulletin 43: 77- 97.

Berg, C.C. 1989. Moraceae. In: R.M. Polhill (ed.) Flora of Tropical East Africa. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Distribution of African taxa of Ficus (Moraccae). [Proc. 12th AETFAT]. Mitt. inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 23: 401-405.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Annotated check-list of the Ficus species of the African floristic region, with special reference and a key to the taxa of southern Africa. Kirkia, 13: 253-291.

Berg, C.C. 1991. Moraceae. In: E. Launert & G.Y. Pope (eds) Flora Zambesiaca 9, 6. Natural History Museum, London.

Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. 1989. Chapter 11. Ficus. Flora of Tropical East Africa (ed. R.M. Polhill). 43-86. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1984. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Gabon 26: 1276.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1985. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Cameroun 28: 1298.

Berg, C.C. & Wiebes, J.T. 1992. African fig trees and fig wasps. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Amsterdam, 1-298 pp.

Bouček Z., A. Watsham & J.T. Wiebes, 1981. The fig wasp fauna of the receptacles of Ficus thonningii (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). Tijdschrift Voor Entomologie, 124(5): 149-233.

Burrows, J. & Burrows, S. 2003. Figs of southern & south-central Africa. Umdaus Press, Hatfield. 379 pp.


Photographs and distribution map © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or © Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA).

Next species

Ficus grevei Baill. 

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)

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