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Ficus glumosa Delile 1826


African Rock fig, Mountain Rock fig


(Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus; Subgenus: Urostigma; Section: Galoglychia; Subsection: Platyphyllae)

Ficus_glumosa Ficus_glumosa
Ficus_glumosa Ficus_glumosa
Ficus_glumosa Ficus_glumosa


B-phase fig split open shortly after pollination.


B-phase fig ostiole.

Ficus glumosa Simon van Noort Ficus glumosa Simon van Noort


Ormyrus (Ormyridae) leaf petiole/ leaf bud galls.

Ormyrus species (Ormyridae) have been reared from these petiole/ leaf bud galls on Ficus glumosa, but they may or may not be the primary gall former. The Ormyrus species could be parasitoids or inquilines of Eurytomidae or Epichrysomallinae that instigated the gall formation (personal communication by Simon van Noort).

Mkomazi Game Reserve, Tanzania  





From South Africa to Senegal and the Arabian Peninsula.


Pollinator: Elisabethiella glumosae Wiebes.


In savanna and in woodlands, often in rocky places.


(after C.C. Berg in Berg & Wiebes, 1992):

Biological form

shrub or tree up to 10 m tall, terrestrial


shape & colour

oblong to ovate, subcoriaceous, apex shortly acute, base cordate, upper surface glabrous to puberulous



2-14 x 2-9 cm


lateral veins

3-7 pairs, basal pair branched reaching margin far below the middle of the lamina



0.5-4 cm long, puberulous


0.5-1.5 cm long, partly bright yellow, caducous



in pairs in the leaf axils



globose to ellipsoid, Æ 1-1.5 cm (fresh), smooth to puberulous



none or up to 0.3 cm long


basal bracts

3 mm long, persistent


Berg, C.C. 1988. New taxa and combinations in Ficus (Moraceae) in Africa. Kew Bulletin 43: 77- 97.

Berg, C.C. 1989. Moraceae. In: R.M. Polhill (ed.) Flora of Tropical East Africa. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Distribution of African taxa of Ficus (Moraccae). [Proc. 12th AETFAT]. Mitt. inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 23: 401-405.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Annotated check-list of the Ficus species of the African floristic region, with special reference and a key to the taxa of southern Africa. Kirkia, 13: 253-291.

Berg, C.C. 1991. Moraceae. In: E. Launert & G.Y. Pope (eds) Flora Zambesiaca 9, 6. Natural History Museum, London.

Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. 1989. Chapter 11. Ficus. Flora of Tropical East Africa (ed. R.M. Polhill). 43-86. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1984. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Gabon 26: 1276.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1985. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Cameroun 28: 1298.

Berg, C.C. & Wiebes, J.T. 1992. African fig trees and fig wasps. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Amsterdam, 1-298 pp.

Bouček Z., A. Watsham & J.T. Wiebes, 1981. The fig wasp fauna of the receptacles of Ficus thonningii (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). Tijdschrift Voor Entomologie, 124(5): 149-233.

Burrows, J. & Burrows, S. 2003. Figs of southern & south-central Africa. Umdaus Press, Hatfield. 379 pp.


Photographs and distribution map © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or © Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA).

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Ficus grevei Baill. 

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)

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