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Ficus_lutea_B-phase_fig

Ficus lutea Vahl 1805

 

(Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus; Subgenus: Urostigma; Section: Galoglychia; Subsection: Galoglychia)

Ficus_lutea

Ficus_lutea

Ficus_lutea Ficus_lutea
Ficus_lutea_B-phase_fig

B-phase

Ficus_lutea_young_sapling

Distribution

Distribution_of_Ficus_lutea Distribution_of_Ficus_lutea_in_Madagascar

From South Africa to Senegal and Ethiopia, also in Madagascar and Mascarene Islands.

Biology

Pollinator: Allotriozoon heterandromorphum Grandi.

Habitat

In forest or savanna, along rivers in marshy areas, often planted.

Description

(after C.C. Berg in Berg & Wiebes, 1992)

Biological form

tree up to 20 m tall, terrestrial

Leaves

shape & colour

elliptic to oblong, coriaceous, apex shortly acuminate, base obtuse, both surface glabrous or minutely puberulous

 

size

7-25 x 3-12 cm

 

lateral veins

6-8 pairs, basal pair reaching margin far below the middle of the lamina

 

petiole

2-13 cm long, glabrous or white pilose

Stipules

0.5-2.5 cm (flush up to 12 cm) long, white to maroon puberulous, caducous

Figs

position

in pairs or up to 4 in the leaf axils

 

shape

(sub)globose, Æ 1-2.5 cm (fresh), puberulous

 

peduncle

none, fig sessile

 

basal bracts

3-6 mm long, persistent

References

Berg, C.C. 1988. New taxa and combinations in Ficus (Moraceae) in Africa. Kew Bulletin 43: 77- 97.

Berg, C.C. 1989. Moraceae. In: R.M. Polhill (ed.) Flora of Tropical East Africa. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Distribution of African taxa of Ficus (Moraccae). [Proc. 12th AETFAT]. Mitt. inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 23: 401-405.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Annotated check-list of the Ficus species of the African floristic region, with special reference and a key to the taxa of southern Africa. Kirkia, 13: 253-291.

Berg, C.C. 1991. Moraceae. In: E. Launert & G.Y. Pope (eds) Flora Zambesiaca 9, 6. Natural History Museum, London.

Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. 1989. Chapter 11. Ficus. Flora of Tropical East Africa (ed. R.M. Polhill). 43-86. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1984. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Gabon 26: 1276.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1985. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Cameroun 28: 1298.

Berg, C.C. & Wiebes, J.T. 1992. African fig trees and fig wasps. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Amsterdam, 1-298 pp.

Bouček Z., A. Watsham & J.T. Wiebes, 1981. The fig wasp fauna of the receptacles of Ficus thonningii (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). Tijdschrift Voor Entomologie, 124(5): 149-233.

Burrows, J. & Burrows, S. 2003. Figs of southern & south-central Africa. Umdaus Press, Hatfield. 379 pp.

Links

PlantzAfrica

Credits

Photographs © Jean-Yves Rasplus or ©  Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Ficus_saussureana

Ficus saussureana DC.

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)

Copyright 2004-2016 Iziko Museums of South Africa

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