HomeFigsFig waspsBiologyFig classificationWasp classificationWaspWebBiodiversity Explorer

Ficus_cyathistipula_cyathistipula

Ficus cyathistipula cyathistipula Warburg 1894

 

(Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus; Subgenus: Urostigma; Section: Galoglychia; Subsection: Cyathistipulae)


Central African Republic (Photographs © Simon van Noort, Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Prefecture Sangha-Mbaéré, Réserve Spéciale de Forêt Dense de Dzanga-Sangha, 12.7km 326º NW Bayanga, 3º00.27'N 16º11.55'E, 420m. Herbarium specimen - Harris7748.

Ivory Coast (Photographs © Jean-Yves Rasplus).
Ficus_cyathistipula_cyathistipula Ficus_cyathistipula_cyathistipula

Ficus_cyathistipula_cyathistipula

Ficus_cyathistipula_cyathistipula  

ex hort (Norwegian Arboreteum, Bergen) (Photographs © Simon van Noort, Iziko Museums of South Africa).
Ficus_cyathistipula_cyathistipula Ficus_cyathistipula_cyathistipula
Ficus_cyathistipula_cyathistipula Ficus_cyathistipula_cyathistipula

 


Distribution

Distribution_of_Ficus_cysthistipula_cyathistipula

Ivory Coast east to Kenya, Tanzania and south to Angola and northern Zambia, with outlying population in Mozambique.

Biology

Pollinator: Agaon fasciatum Waterston.

Habitat

Forests, usually next to streams or rivers, sometimes in rocky places, up to an altitude of 1800m.

Description

(after C.C. Berg in Berg & Wiebes, 1992):

Biological form

tree up to 8 m tall, terrestrial or hemi-epiphytic

Leaves

shape & colour

oblanceolate to obovate, coriaceous, apex acuminate, base acute, both surface glabrous, sometimes sparsely puberulous on the midrib beneath

 

size

6-20 x 3-7 cm

 

lateral veins

5-7 pairs

 

petiole

1.5-4 cm long, glabrous or sparsely brownish puberulous

Stipules

1.5-2.5 cm long, glabrous or minutely white puberulous, persistent

Figs

position

solitary or up to 3 together in the leaf axils

 

shape

globose, smooth or with up to 3 mm long protuberances, Æ 3-5 cm (fresh), scabrous, wall thick and spongy, apex protruding

 

peduncle

none or 0.5-2.5 cm long

 

basal bracts

4 mm long, persistent

References

Berg, C.C. 1988. New taxa and combinations in Ficus (Moraceae) in Africa. Kew Bulletin 43: 77- 97.

Berg, C.C. 1989. Moraceae. In: R.M. Polhill (ed.) Flora of Tropical East Africa. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Distribution of African taxa of Ficus (Moraccae). [Proc. 12th AETFAT]. Mitt. inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 23: 401-405.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Annotated check-list of the Ficus species of the African floristic region, with special reference and a key to the taxa of southern Africa. Kirkia, 13: 253-291.

Berg, C.C. 1991. Moraceae. In: E. Launert & G.Y. Pope (eds) Flora Zambesiaca 9, 6. Natural History Museum, London.

Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. 1989. Chapter 11. Ficus. Flora of Tropical East Africa (ed. R.M. Polhill). 43-86. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1984. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Gabon 26: 1276.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1985. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Cameroun 28: 1298.

Berg, C.C. & Wiebes, J.T. 1992. African fig trees and fig wasps. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Amsterdam, 1-298 pp.

Bouček Z., A. Watsham & J.T. Wiebes, 1981. The fig wasp fauna of the receptacles of Ficus thonningii (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). Tijdschrift Voor Entomologie, 124(5): 149-233.

Burrows, J. & Burrows, S. 2003. Figs of southern & south-central Africa. Umdaus Press, Hatfield. 379 pp.

van Noort S., Gardiner, A.J., Tolley K.A. 2007. New records of Ficus (Moraceae) species emphasize the conservation significance of inselbergs in Mozambique. South African Journal of Botany 73: 642-649.

Credits

Photographs and distribution map © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Next species

Ficus cyathistipula pringsheimiana (Braun & K. Shum.)  C.C. Berg

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2018. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

Copyright 2004-2018 Iziko Museums of South Africa

website statistics