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Ficus_usambarensis

Ficus usambarensis Warburg 1894

 

(Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus; Subgenus: Urostigma; Section: Galoglychia; Subsection: Crassicostae)

Ficus_usambarensis Ficus_usambarensis
Ficus_usambarensis Ficus_usambarensis
Ficus_usambarensis Ficus_usambarensis

Distribution

Distribution_of_Ficus_usambarensis

Tanzania, Zambia and Malawi.

Biology

Pollinator: Elisabethiella species.

Habitat

Savanna woodland, also planted in villages.

References

Berg, C.C. 1988. New taxa and combinations in Ficus (Moraceae) in Africa. Kew Bulletin 43: 77- 97.

Berg, C.C. 1989. Moraceae. In: R.M. Polhill (ed.) Flora of Tropical East Africa. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Distribution of African taxa of Ficus (Moraccae). [Proc. 12th AETFAT]. Mitt. inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 23: 401-405.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Annotated check-list of the Ficus species of the African floristic region, with special reference and a key to the taxa of southern Africa. Kirkia, 13: 253-291.

Berg, C.C. 1991. Moraceae. In: E. Launert & G.Y. Pope (eds) Flora Zambesiaca 9, 6. Natural History Museum, London.

Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. 1989. Chapter 11. Ficus. Flora of Tropical East Africa (ed. R.M. Polhill). 43-86. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1984. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Gabon 26: 1276.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1985. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Cameroun 28: 1298.

Berg, C.C. & Wiebes, J.T. 1992. African fig trees and fig wasps. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Amsterdam, 1-298 pp.

Bouček Z., A. Watsham & J.T. Wiebes, 1981. The fig wasp fauna of the receptacles of Ficus thonningii (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). Tijdschrift Voor Entomologie, 124(5): 149-233.

Burrows, J. & Burrows, S. 2003. Figs of southern & south-central Africa. Umdaus Press, Hatfield. 379 pp.

Description

(after C.C. Berg in Berg & Wiebes, 1992)

Biological form

tree up to 15 m tall, terrestrial

Leaves

shape & colour

oblong to lanceolate, coriaceous, apex (sub)obtuse to rounded, base obtuse to rounded, both surface glabrous

 

size

9-15 x 4-6 cm

 

lateral veins

10-13 pairs

 

petiole

2-4 cm long, glabrous

Stipules

0.3-0.5 cm long, white to yellowish puberulous, caducous

Figs

position

2-7 together on small spurs in the leaf axils or just below the leaves

 

shape

globose, Æ 1-2 cm (fresh), sparsely puberulous

 

peduncle

0.8-2 cm long

 

basal bracts

3 mm long, persistent

Credits

Photographs © Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA).

Next species

Ficus adolfi-friderici Mildbr.

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2022. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

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