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Ficus lingua lingua

Ficus lingua lingua De Wildeman & T. Durand 1901

 

(Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus; Subgenus: Urostigma; Section: Galoglychia; Subsection: Chlamydodorae)

Ficus lingua lingua  

Distribution

Distribution_of_Ficus_lingua_lingua

From Northern Angola to Uganda and Cameroon plus Ivory Coast. Probably also occurs between Cameroon and Ivory Coast and in Liberia (lighter coloured areas).

Biology

Pollinator: Alfonsiella michaloudi Wiebes.

References

Berg, C.C. 1988. New taxa and combinations in Ficus (Moraceae) in Africa. Kew Bulletin 43: 77- 97.

Berg, C.C. 1989. Moraceae. In: R.M. Polhill (ed.) Flora of Tropical East Africa. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Distribution of African taxa of Ficus (Moraccae). [Proc. 12th AETFAT]. Mitt. inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 23: 401-405.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Annotated check-list of the Ficus species of the African floristic region, with special reference and a key to the taxa of southern Africa. Kirkia, 13: 253-291.

Berg, C.C. 1991. Moraceae. In: E. Launert & G.Y. Pope (eds) Flora Zambesiaca 9, 6. Natural History Museum, London.

Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. 1989. Chapter 11. Ficus. Flora of Tropical East Africa (ed. R.M. Polhill). 43-86. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1984. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Gabon 26: 1276.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1985. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Cameroun 28: 1298.

Berg, C.C. & Wiebes, J.T. 1992. African fig trees and fig wasps. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Amsterdam, 1-298 pp.

Bouček Z., A. Watsham & J.T. Wiebes, 1981. The fig wasp fauna of the receptacles of Ficus thonningii (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). Tijdschrift Voor Entomologie, 124(5): 149-233.

Burrows, J. & Burrows, S. 2003. Figs of southern & south-central Africa. Umdaus Press, Hatfield. 379 pp.

Habitat

In lowland rainforest up to 1200m.

Description

(after C.C. Berg in Berg & Wiebes, 1992):

Biological form

tree up to 30 m tall, hemi-epiphytic

Leaves

shape & colour

often subopposite, oblanceolate to subovate, (sub)coriaceous, apex obtuse, base obtuse, both surface glabrous

 

size

0.5-5 x 0.3-2 cm

 

lateral veins

5-8 pairs, midrib not reaching the apex of the lamina

 

petiole

0.2-0.8 cm long, glabrous (leafy twigs with brownish hairs)

Stipules

0.2-0.5 cm long, puberulous, usually subpersistent

Figs

position

in pairs in the leaf axils or just below the leaves

 

shape

globose, Æ 0.5 cm (fresh), minutely puberulous

 

peduncle

none or 0.2-0.5 mm long, usually glabrous

 

basal bracts

1-2 mm long, caducous

Credits

Photographs and distribution map © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Ficus linqua depauperata (Sim) C.C. Berg

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2019. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

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