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Ficus exasperata 

Vahl 1805

 

(Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus; Subgenus: Sycidium; Section: Sycidium)

Ficus_exasperata Ficus_exasperata
Ficus_exasperata Ficus_exasperata
Ficus_exasperata Ficus_exasperata
Ficus_exasperata  

Distribution

Distribution_of_Ficus_exasperata

From Mozambique, Zambia and northern Angola to Senegal and Ethiopia. Also in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula and India.

Biology

Pollinator Kradibia gestroi afrum (Wiebes).

Habitat

In evergreen forest, also in secondary forest.

Description

(after C.C. Berg in Berg & Wiebes, 1992):

Biological form

Shrub or tree up to 20 m tall, terrestrial

Leaves

shape & colour

distichous and alternate, ovate to elliptic, subcoriaceous to coriaceous, apex shortly acuminate, base acute to obtuse, upper surface scabrous

 

size

3-20 x 2-12 cm

 

lateral veins

3-5 pairs, basal pair branched reaching margin at or above middle of the lamina

 

petiole

0.5-4 cm long

Stipules

0.2-0.5 cm long, strigose, caducous

Figs

position

solitary or in pairs in the leaf axils, rarely on older wood

 

shape

subglobose, Æ 1-2.5 cm (fresh), hispidulous

 

peduncle

0.5-1 cm long

 

basal bracts

1 mm long, scattered on the peduncle

References

Berg, C.C. 1988. New taxa and combinations in Ficus (Moraceae) in Africa. Kew Bulletin 43: 77- 97.

Berg, C.C. 1989. Moraceae. In: R.M. Polhill (ed.) Flora of Tropical East Africa. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Distribution of African taxa of Ficus (Moraccae). [Proc. 12th AETFAT]. Mitt. inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 23: 401-405.

Berg, C.C. 1990. Annotated check-list of the Ficus species of the African floristic region, with special reference and a key to the taxa of southern Africa. Kirkia, 13: 253-291.

Berg, C.C. 1991. Moraceae. In: E. Launert & G.Y. Pope (eds) Flora Zambesiaca 9, 6. Natural History Museum, London.

Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. 1989. Chapter 11. Ficus. Flora of Tropical East Africa (ed. R.M. Polhill). 43-86. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1984. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Gabon 26: 1276.

Berg, C.C., Hijman, M.E.E. & Weerdenburg, J.C.A. 1985. Moracées (incl. Cécropiacées). Flore du Cameroun 28: 1298.

Berg, C.C. & Wiebes, J.T. 1992. African fig trees and fig wasps. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Amsterdam, 1-298 pp.

Burrows, J. & Burrows, S. 2003. Figs of southern & south-central Africa. Umdaus Press, Hatfield. 379 pp.

Credits

Photographs © Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA) or © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums).

Ficus lateriflora Vahl

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)

Copyright 2004-2013 Iziko Museums of South Africa

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